1. Beasley, Amy DNP, RN
  2. Stanton, Marietta PhD, RN, NEA-BC, CMAC, CCM, CNL
  3. Aldridge, Julie MSN, CRNP


Up to 70% of hospice patients are reported to experience dyspnea at end of life. Despite the high prevalence of this burdensome symptom, there is little in the literature to guide effective treatment. Assessment of subjective symptoms and objective signs as well as physical, psychospiritual, sociocultural, or environmental barriers is critical to an effective plan of care. The purpose of the article is to review the current literature on assessment and management of dyspnea in hospice patients and provide implications for hospice clinicians.