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Keywords

acid-base imbalance, acidosis, alkalosis, anion gap acidosis, calcium, carbonic acid, electrolyte imbalance, hypercalcemia, hyperkalemia, hypernatremia, hypocalcemia, hypokalemia, hyponatremia, potassium, sodium

 

Authors

  1. Gooch, Michael D. MSN, RN, ACNP-BC, FNP-BC, ENP-BC, CFRN, CTRN, CEN, NREMT-P

Abstract

Abstract: Acid-base and electrolyte imbalances often complicate patient management in acute care settings. Correctly identifying the imbalance and its cause is vital. This article will review the physiology of acid-base and electrolyte balance, their common disturbances, associated causes, clinical manifestations, and management implications for nurse practitioners.