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Keywords

cerebral perfusion pressure, delayed cerebral ischemia, mean arterial blood pressure, subarachnoid hemorrhage

 

Authors

  1. Yousef, Khalil M.
  2. Balzer, Jeffrey R.
  3. Bender, Catherine M.
  4. Hoffman, Leslie A.
  5. Poloyac, Samuel M.
  6. Ye, Feifei
  7. Sherwood, Paula R.

Abstract

ABSTRACT: Introduction: Insufficient cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage can impair cerebral blood flow. We examined the temporal profiles of CPP change and tested whether these profiles were associated with delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI). Method: CPP values were retrospectively reviewed for 238 subjects. Intracranial pressure and mean arterial pressure values were obtained every 2 hours for 14 days. Induced hypertension was utilized to prevent vasospasm. The linear and quadratic CPP changes over time were tested using growth curve analysis. Multivariable logistic regression was utilized to examine the association between DCI and percentages of CPP values of >110, >100, <70, and <60 mm Hg. DCI was defined as neurological deterioration because of impaired cerebral blood flow. Results: Between-subject differences accounted for 39% of variation in CPP values. There was a significant linear increase in CPP values over time ([beta] = 0.06, SE = 0.006, p < .001). The covariance (-0.52, SE = 0.09, p < .001) between initial CPP and linear parameter was negative, indicating that subjects with high CPP on admission had a slower rate of increase whereas those with low CPP had a faster rate of increase. For every 10% increase in the proportion of CPP of >100 or >110 mm Hg, the odds of DCI increased by 1.21 and 1.43, respectively (p < .05). Conclusions: The longer the time patients spent with high CPP, the greater the odds for DCI. When used prophylactically, induced hypertension contributes to higher CPP values. On the basis of the CPP trends and correlations observed, induced hypertension may not confer expected benefits in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage.