1. Steele, C. Brooke DO
  2. Rose, John M. PhD
  3. Chovnick, Gary DrPH
  4. Townsend, Julie S. MS
  5. Stockmyer, Chrisandra K. MPH, RD
  6. Fonseka, Jamila MPH
  7. Richardson, Lisa C. MD, MPH


Context: While efforts to promote use of evidence-based practices (EBPs) for cancer control have increased, questions remain whether this will result in widespread adoption of EBPs (eg, Guide to Community Preventive Services interventions) by comprehensive cancer control (CCC) programs.


Objective: To examine use of EBPs among CCC programs to develop cancer control plans and select interventions.


Design: Conducted Web-based surveys of and telephone interviews with CCC program staff between March and July 2012.


Setting: CCC programs funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Comprehensive Cancer Control Program (NCCCP).


Participants: Sixty-one CCC program directors.


Main Outcome Measures: 1) Use of and knowledge/attitudes about EBPs and related resources and 2) EBP-related technical assistance needs.


Results: Seventy-five percent of eligible program directors reported use of EBPs to a moderate or great extent to address program objectives. Benefits of using EBPS included their effectiveness has been proven, they are an efficient use of resources, and they lend credibility to an intervention. Challenges to using EBPs included resource limitations, lack of culturally appropriate interventions, and limited skills adapting EBPs for local use. Most respondents had heard of and used Web sites for The Guide to Community Preventive Services (95% and 91%, respectively) and Cancer Control P.L.A.N.E.T. (98% and 75%, respectively). Training needs included how to adapt an EBP and its materials for cultural appropriateness (state 78%, tribe 86%, territory 80%) and how to maintain the fidelity of an EBP (state 75%, tribe 86%, territory 60%).


Conclusions: While awareness, knowledge, and use of EBPs and related resources are high, respondents identified numerous challenges and training needs. The findings from this study may be used to enhance technical assistance provided to NCCCP grantees related to selecting and implementing EBPs.