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  1. Kalayjian, Eve BSN, RN
  2. Bringman, Diane BSN, RN, CGRN
  3. Naughton, Angel BSN, RN
  4. Bond, Sheila BSN, RN
  5. Sarver, Wendy MSN, RN
  6. Mion, Lorraine C. PhD, RN, FAAN


Colorectal screening for cancer by colonoscopy is recommended for adults 50 years and older. Scheduling patients for sedated endoscopic procedures involves balancing physician schedules, room availability and equipment, proper patient preparedness, and necessary personnel. Both nonattendance and poor preparations contribute to inefficiency, wasted resources, and increased costs. We noted nonattendance rates ranging from 21% to 29%. As a first step, we examined patient factors associated with nonattendance using a retrospective case control study. Younger patients (<60 years), screening appointment, and insurance type were associated with nonattendance. On the basis of these findings, initial efforts focused on additional nurse strategies of follow-up contact and education for screening colonoscopies. As we improved attendance rate, concomitantly we discovered cancellation rates increasing. Subsequently, an interdisciplinary and interdepartmental quality improvement program has been ongoing to target a number of system-, nurse-, and patient-specific factors contributing to nonattendance and cancellations due to poor preparations. Rates have improved but require ongoing monitoring and surveillance. We describe the ongoing efforts and challenges aimed at both nonattendance and cancellations.