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critical care, oral care, oral health, survey development, ventilator-associated pneumonia



  1. Grap, Mary Jo PhD, RN, FAAN
  2. Munro, Cindy L. PhD, RN, ANP, FAAN, FAAAS
  3. Gardner, Marie PhD, CRA


Abstract: Oral care is a high priority in critically ill patients. Information about the frequency and type of oral care may optimize patient outcomes. This article outlines the development and use of the Oral Care Survey and makes it available for public use.