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  1. Walker-Czyz, AnneMarie EdD, RN


OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to measure the impact of an integrated electronic health record (EHR) innovation adoption on the quality of nursing care delivered, including hospital-acquired falls, hospital-acquired pressure ulcers, ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs), catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs), and costs measured in nursing hours. The impact on quality, cost, and nurse satisfaction measured in turnover rates before, during, and after implementation of EHR tools was also investigated.


BACKGROUND: Little is known about the adoption patterns of computerized documentation by nursing and the effects on the practice environment.


METHODS: A quantitative, retrospective analysis using interrupted time series model of a large data set was conducted in a 431-bed urban hospital, with 10 medical surgical units and 2 critical care units. The research was constructed using the Diffusion of Innovations (DOI) theory.


RESULTS: Incorporating electronic, evidenced-based practice (EBP) tools into bedside nurse's workflow promotes decision making at the point of care that may improve quality with no negative impact on direct cost. The data revealed that total falls, CAUTI, and CLABSI rates were positively impacted after the implementation of an integrated EHR. Hospital-acquired pressure ulcer and VAP rates were negatively impacted at the implementation period followed by a significant positive rate reduction that surpassed the preimplementation period. Cost indicators, measured in hours per patient day and overtime, were negatively impacted during the implementation period followed by a return to baseline. Nurse turnover had a significant increase from the preimplementation to postimplementation period and failed to return to baseline.


CONCLUSIONS: This study confirms that nurses have the ability to positively impact the quality of patient care through successful innovation adoption related to the use of EBP computerized documentation tools at the bedside. This study further clarified the practice environment of nurses during DOI.