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Neonatal Skin Risk Assessment Scale, pressure injuries, reliability, translation, validity



  1. Sari, Cigdem RN
  2. Altay, Naime PhD, RN


PURPOSE: The study created a Turkish translation of the Neonatal Skin Risk Assessment Scale (NSRAS) that was developed by Huffines and Longsdon in 1997. Study authors used a cross-sectional survey design in order to determine the validity and reliability of the Turkish translation.


SUBJECTS AND SETTING: The study was conducted at the neonatal intensive care unit of a university hospital in Ankara between March 15 and June 30, 2014. The research sample included 130 neonatal assessments from 17 patients.


METHODS: Data were collected by questionnaire regarding the characteristics of the participating neonates, 7 nurse observers, and the NSRAS and its subarticles. After translation and back-translation were performed to assess language validity of the scale, necessary corrections were made in line with expert suggestions, and content validity was ensured. Internal consistency of the scale was assessed by its homogeneity, Cronbach's [alpha], and subarticle-general scale grade correlation.


RESULTS: Cronbach's [alpha] for the scale overall was .88, and Cronbach's [alpha] values for the subarticles were between .83 and .90. Results showed a positive relationship among all the subarticles and the overall NSRAS scale grade (P < .01) with correlation values between 0.333 and 0.721. Explanatory and predicative factor analysis was applied for structural validity. Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin analysis was applied for sample sufficiency, and Bartlett test analysis was applied in order to assess the factor analysis of the sample. The Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin coefficient was 0.73, and the [chi]2value found according to the Bartlett test was statistically significant at an advanced level (P < .05). In the 6 subarticles of the scale and in the general scale total grade, a high, positive, and significant relationship among the grades given by the researcher and the nurse observers was found (P < .05).


CONCLUSION: The Turkish NSRAS is reliable and valid.