Buy this Article for $7.95

Have a coupon or promotional code? Enter it here:

When you buy this you'll get access to the ePub version, a downloadable PDF, and the ability to print the full article.

Keywords

evolution of nursing theory, integration of theory, nursing art, nursing praxis, nursing science, pattern

 

Authors

  1. Newman, Margaret A. PhD

Abstract

Debate over whether nursing is an art or a science culminates in the need for integration of the two as a guide to practice. The historical development of nursing knowledge reveals a spectrum of evolution from physical care to interpersonal relationships to an integrative approach and, most recently, to a unitary perspective. The author proposes pattern as the integrating factor that eliminates the dichotomies of traditional art and science and transforms nursing knowledge to a higher dimension that includes and transcends the knowledge that has gone before. Nursing praxis is presented as integrated theory-research-practice that is consistent with a unitary perspective.