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  1. Cooper, Robert W. PhD
  2. Frank, Garry L. PhD
  3. Gouty, Carol Ann PhD, CNA
  4. Hansen, Mary Mincer PhD, RN


Professional healthcare providers are held responsible for technologic and financial decisions and also for the moral ramifications of their decisions. The authors report the findings of a survey of nurse leaders conducted to determine the key factors that provide help and present challenges as they seek to respond ethically to the dilemmas encountered in the course of their work. Implications for the healthcare industry and the nursing profession are discussed.