1. Maxfield, Christine L. APRN,BC, MS
  2. Pohl, Joanne M. PhD, APRN, BC, FAAN
  3. Colling, Kathleen RN, PhD


Advance care planning is an important part of preventive health care. The patient planning for future health care decisions should explore life and treatment goals, reflecting on personal values and beliefs. This article discusses how clinicians can assist patients in the primary care setting. A four-step advance care planning process includes presenting the topic, facilitating a discussion, completing and documenting the advance directive, and reviewing and updating documents.