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Keywords

cervical cancer, culture, human papillomavirus (HPV), nursing, Papanicolaou test, patient education, screening, the bleeding woman

 

Authors

  1. Dorsainvil, Merlyn A.

Abstract

ABSTRACT: The incidence of cervical cancer has declined dramatically due to Papanicolaou smear testing. However, some minority populations continue to suffer with high incidences and/or death rates of cervical cancer, due to lack of screening. This article updates on cervical cancer screening and prevention and discusses cultural impacts on screening. Knowledge deficits disproportionately affect ethnic minority groups and contribute to cancer incidence, whereas lack of healthcare coverage and low socioeconomic status contribute to screening disparities. Although minority women have cultural beliefs and practices that influence screening, recommendation and/or education from a provider often lead to screening.