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bioidentical hormone therapy, estrogen therapy, genitourinary syndrome of menopause, hormone therapy, hot flashes, hot flushes, menopausal hormone therapy, menopause, vasomotor symptoms



  1. Pace, Diane Todd PhD, APRN, FNP-BC, NCMP, FAANP


Abstract: With life expectancy increasing, women will spend one-third of their lives in and beyond menopause. A collaborative discussion with the clinician facilitates informed decision-making and should include evidence-based discussion of physiologic changes, assessment of symptoms and treatment options, review of screening recommendations, and discussion of disease risk-reduction strategies and psychosocial issues.