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  1. Garth, Katy PhD, APRN
  2. Todd, Dana PhD, APRN
  3. Byers, Dina PhD, APRN
  4. Kuiper, Betty MSN, APRN


Uncivil behavior leads to low self-esteem, anxiety, sleep disturbance, recurrent nightmares, and depression. This article looks at the perception of incivility among emergency department nurses and the leadership required to implement evidence-based strategies to address this growing problem.