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calcium, electrolyte, electrolyte imbalance, hypercalcemia, hyperphosphatemia, hypocalcemia, hypophosphatemia, phosphate, phosphorus



  1. Madiraca, Jessica MSN, RN, CNS, CCRN-K
  2. Hoch, Christine MSN, RN, ACNS-BC


Abstract: Calcium and phosphorus imbalances are relatively common in critical care settings. An understanding of the causes and manifestations of these imbalances is crucial for the critical care nurse to manage critically ill patients and support optimum patient outcomes.