bigendered, female-to-male (FTM), gender confirmation surgery, gender expression, gender identity, gender nonconforming, male-to-female (MTF), sexual orientation, transgender



  1. Kroning, Maureen EdD, MSN, RN
  2. Listopad, Katerina MSN, ANP-C, CCRN


Abstract: A growing number of individuals in the United States are undergoing gender confirmation surgery, but many healthcare professionals remain in the dark about these procedures and their potential complications. This article addresses gender confirmation surgery-related complications, terminology, and educational resources.