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environmental change, health care strategy, strategic response



  1. Kumar, Kamalesh
  2. Subramanian, Ram
  3. Strandholm, Karen


This study examined the linkages between perceived environmental changes in the health care industry, corresponding strategic adaptations, and their impact on select performance measures as reported by managers. Results from a sample of 187 hospitals indicate that efficiency-oriented strategy is chosen more often by organizations that perceive their industry environment to be relatively stable and certain while market-focused strategies are chosen more often by organizations that perceive greater environmental instability and uncertainty.