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Authors

  1. Jacobsen, Noelle DNP, CNM, APRN

Abstract

Key breastfeeding outcomes identified by the World Health Organization, the United Nations Children's Fund, the American Academy of Pediatrics, and Healthy People 2020 include early initiation, any such feeding at 6 months of age, and exclusivity. Broader themes in the current literature include infants who ever breastfed and overall duration. Healthcare providers need to know what current practices demonstrate effectiveness. A review of 2 Cochrane articles on which interventions impact these selected outcomes does not reveal any significant implications for clinical practice. Scant evidence exists to support any specific support efforts or educational outreach to improve these outcomes. A discussion of potential strategies to consider for future research and clinical practice is put forth.