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ELNEC, global health, global palliative care, palliative care education, palliative nursing, partnerships



  2. Male, Marcia A. MS, MTCM, RN
  3. Uwimana, Philomene MSN, BNE, RN
  4. Ntizimira, Christian R. MD
  5. Sego, Ruth MScN, RN
  6. Nankundwa, Evelyne MSN, RN
  7. Byiringiro, Samuel BSN, RN
  8. Nsereko, Etienne MScN, MSc
  9. Moreland, Patricia J. PhD, MSN, CPNP


At the heart of palliative care philosophy lies the requisite of expert collaboration across disciplines, specialties, and organizations to provide patient- and family-centered care. When working in a global health setting, myriad interpersonal and cross-cultural considerations must be acknowledged to promote effective communication and coordination between stakeholders. The purpose of this article is to share the experiences of those working to advance palliative care in Rwanda, East Africa, and examine their collective journeys in practice, education, and research. Through the exemplar of Rwanda's Human Resources for Health Program, this narrative provides contextual wisdom for nurses endeavoring to advance palliative care in resource-poor settings and offers lessons learned along the journey. When working internationally, understanding the identity of nursing against the backdrop of local-national-professional-political culture is crucial. Developing relationships with on-the-ground leaders to guide cultural adaptation is likely the most critical factor. This experience has sparked evolving palliative care research and the continued dissemination of palliative care knowledge. Mutually beneficial partnerships have been, and continue to be, the backbone of palliative care advancement in Rwanda. It is essential that nurses teaching palliative care continue to adapt education to support the ongoing development of culturally relevant palliative care literacy across nations.