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  1. Kenner, Carole RNC, DNS, FAAN
  2. Dreyer, Lisa RNC, MSN
  3. Amlung, Stephanie RNC, PhD


Abstract: Identification and care of substance-dependent neonates requires a holistic, family-centered approach to care, starting in the prenatal period and continuing long after the infant is born. Interventions useful in working with families of substance-dependent neonates include psychological support, substance abuse treatment, and physiologic support in the form of nonpharmacologic andpharmacologic therapies. The nurse can play a powerful role in determining the fate of each family. Early recognition of the problem and appropriate, decisive intervention is necessary if the long-term outcomes of substance dependence are to be improved.