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absorption, distribution, excretion, metabolism, multisystem chronic illnesses, pharmacodynamics, pharmacokinetics, pharmacotherapy



  1. Kaplow, Roberta PhD, CCRN, APRN-CCNS, AOCNS
  2. Griffiths, Carrie L. PharmD, BCCCP


Abstract: Caring for critically ill older adults presents many challenges for critical care nurses. One challenge is the management of complex pharmacotherapy in the presence of the normal physiologic changes associated with aging.