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Study finds postpartum depression also affects fathers. Although the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that pediatricians screen both parents for depression at well-child visits, few studies document screening for paternal depression. Researchers reporting in the September issue of JAMA Pediatrics estimated the prevalence of paternal depression by examining data from five community health centers in Indianapolis, Indiana, over a period of four months. Their findings indicated that fathers screened positively for depression almost as often as mothers did. The authors concluded that physicians should be educated on addressing depression in both parents, and strategies could be developed for integrating screening tools into routine practice, thus improving outcomes for both children and families.