1. Leikkola, Paivi PhD, RN
  2. Mikkola, Riitta PhD, RN
  3. Salminen-Tuomaala, Mari PhD, RN
  4. Paavilainen, Eija PhD, RN


Making nonconveyance decisions can be demanding for care providers in prehospital emergency services. Studies have found homecare instructions and counseling of patients and family members partly insufficient. A descriptive cross-sectional design was applied for this pilot study to explore emergency patients' and family members' experiences of nonconveyance situations and counseling. Data were collected by questionnaires from acutely ill patients (n = 97) treated on-site and not transported to hospital and from their family members (n = 72) in 2015-2016. Responses to quantified statements were analyzed statistically, whereas responses to open questions were analyzed using qualitative inductive content analysis. Patients and family members had mostly received verbal home care instructions. Just more than 10% of patients found the instructions insufficient for their coping at home. Male patients were slightly more satisfied with counseling than female patients. One-fifth of female patients but only 6% of male patients were dissatisfied with nonconveyance decisions. In family members, the proportion of dissatisfied respondents was 14%. Older patients were more often dissatisfied than younger patients. Although the majority of the respondents were satisfied with the emergency medical services in general, patients suggested that home care instructions, staff competence, and availability of ambulances should be improved and resources and attention given to patients' opinions increased. Family members proposed more careful assessment of conveyance needs, increased resources, and attention given to the patient. The results highlight the importance of developing a more family-centered approach to emergency care.