1. Singh, Sumedha MPT
  2. Moiz, Jamal Ali MPT
  3. Ali, Mir Shad MPT
  4. Talwar, Deepak DM


Purpose: To determine the reliability, validity, and responsiveness of the incremental shuttle walk test (ISWT) in patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD).


Methods: This was a cross-sectional longitudinal study. Patients (n = 27, 10 males; mean age +/- SD, 61 +/- 9.8 y) with ILD of any etiology, who participated in an outpatient pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) program, were recruited. Reliability was determined by comparing the distance covered in meters between the ISWT-1 and the ISWT-2. Validity was assessed by correlating the distance covered in the ISWT-1, with the maximum oxygen consumption (



O2max) obtained through cardiopulmonary exercise testing and distance covered during the 6-min walk test (6MWT). Responsiveness was assessed by comparing the distance covered in the ISWT-3, undertaken after the completion of PR, to the ISWT-1.


Results: The distance covered was equivalent between the ISWT-1 (216.7 +/- 64.9 m) and the ISWT-2 (220.7 +/- 67.3 m), with an excellent intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC2,1 = 0.91; 95% CI, 0.81-0.95). The standard error of measurement and minimal detectable change at the 95% CI (MDC95) values for the ISWT were 19.5 m and 53.9m, respectively. There were significant correlations between the distance covered on the ISWT and



O2max (r = 0.79, P < .0001) and the distance covered on the 6MWT (r = 0.76, P < .0001). Following PR, the change in the ISWT distance showed large effect size (ES = 0.85) and standardized response mean (SRM = 1.58).


Conclusions: The ISWT is a reliable, valid, and responsive measure of estimated functional capacity in patients with ILD.