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  1. Cwirlej-Sozanska, Agnieszka PhD
  2. Wisniowska-Szurlej, Agnieszka PhD
  3. Wilmowska-Pietruszynska, Anna PhD
  4. Druzbicki, Mariusz PhD
  5. Sozanski, Bernard PhD
  6. Woloszyn, Natalia MSc
  7. Guzik, Agnieszka PhD


A multifactorial exercise programs for older people should be introduced to low-income communities. Of the 138 people who volunteered for the trial, 50 were enrolled and randomly assigned to either the study group (multifactorial exercises and health education; MEE) or the control group (health education; E). Results shown that the MEE group had significantly improved tandem test results and mobility. Improvement in all items of the Senior Fitness Test was also observed. No statistically significant changes were observed in the control group. A multifactorial exercise program combined with health education resulted in a significant improvement in the functional status of elderly people with low incomes.