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Epworth Sleepiness Scale, insomnia, polysomnography, primary care, primary sleep disorders, sleep disorders, sleep hygiene



  1. Duncan, Cameron DNP, MS, APRN, FNP-C, PMHNP-BC
  2. Sheppard, Kate PhD, RN, FNP, PMHNP-BC, FAANP


Abstract: Sleep disorders, such as insomnia, are a common complication of many physical and mental health problems. This article reviews insomnia disorder, including assessment, comorbidities, and management. It is imperative that primary care providers understand how to provide the safest pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatments to patients with insomnia.