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asthma, breath-actuated pMDI, inhaler, manually actuated pMDI, pressurized metered-dose inhaler (pMDI), simple spacer, valved holding chamber



  1. Chike-Harris, Katherine E. DNP, APRN, cPNP-PC, NE
  2. Kinyon-Munch, Kathryn DNP, APRN, PPCNP-BC, AHN-BC


Abstract: Providers across the spectrum of healthcare must be aware of their patients' inhaler use. This article addresses common errors and the proper use of pressurized metered-dose inhalers in pediatric patients.