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  1. Jankite, Michelle Keasling MSN, RN


This article explores the average overall costs of blood transfusion for critically ill surgical patients and in particular explores the evidence supporting reduction of transfusion as part of guideline-based care in cardiothoracic surgical patients. Average cost data compiled from various sources are presented and quality and outcome considerations in blood transfusion in the critically ill are reviewed. Multiple strategies that have a high level of evidence to support their use in this population are noted.