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Keywords

HPV mandate, HPV vaccine mandate in Pennsylvania, HPV vaccine requirement for school entry, HPV vaccine school mandate, mandating adolescent immunizations, mandating HPV vaccine series for school entry

 

Authors

  1. Falik, Rachel B. DNP, RN, CPNP-PC
  2. Albrecht, Susan A. PhD, RN, CRNP, FAAN
  3. Cassidy, Brenda L. DNP, RN, MSN, CPNP-PC

Abstract

ABSTRACT: Approximately 27,000 men and women are affected by human papillomavirus (HPV)-related cancer every year. The Advisory Committee for Immunization Practices and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) routinely recommend that adolescents receive HPV, tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis (tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis [Tdap]) and meningococcal (MCV) vaccines at age 11-12 years. Although the CDC and professional organizations such as the American Academy of Pediatrics make national vaccine recommendations, according to the National Vaccine Information Center, it is the responsibility of "state health departments to make and enforce vaccine mandates for school entry." The Pennsylvania Department of Health has only mandated two of the recommended three vaccinations: Tdap and MCV. As of 2016, 92% of adolescents aged 13-17 years in Pennsylvania received the Tdap vaccine and 92.7% received the MCV. However, only 58% of females and 44.4% of males aged 13-17 years received all three doses of the HPV vaccine. A comparison of HPV vaccine rates in states with school mandates was compared with Pennsylvania rates. Human papillomavirus vaccination rates were found to be significantly higher in the District of Columbia and Rhode Island, which have HPV vaccine school-entry requirements, supporting the need for a statewide HPV mandate in Pennsylvania.