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Keywords

Preterm premature rupture of membranes, Nursing care, Bed rest, High-risk pregnancy

 

Authors

  1. Stringer, Marilyn PhD, CRNP, RDMS
  2. Miesnik, Susan R. MSN, RNC, CRNP
  3. Brown, Linda PhD, RN, FAAN
  4. Martz, Allison H. MSN, RNC, IBCLC
  5. Macones, George MD

ABSTRACT

Preterm premature rupture of the membranes (PPROM) is diagnosed when rupture of the amniotic membranes occurs prior to the completion of the 36th week of gestation. PPROM accounts for 25% of all cases of premature rupture of the membranes and is responsible for 30%-40% of all preterm deliveries. In mothers diagnosed with PPROM without evidence of infection, active labor, or fetal compromise, the current standard of care is expectant management. The goal of expectant management is the prolongation of the pregnancy to increase fetal gestational age thus potentially decreasing the effects of prematurity. Expectant management consists of ongoing observation for signs and symptoms of infection, active labor, and/or nonreassuring fetal status. This article provides clinical nursing guidelines for the mother diagnosed with PPROM who is managed expectantly. Eight targeted areas for nursing assessment and intervention are described: preterm labor, side effects of tocolytic therapy, maternal/fetal infection, fetal compromise, side effects of extended bed rest, maternal stress, educational needs, and routine prenatal care.