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  1. Wolf, Zane Robinson PhD, RN, CNE, FAAN
  2. Hughes, Ronda G. PhD, MHS, RN, CLNC, FAAN


Infusion-associated medication errors have the potential to cause the greatest patient harm. A 21-year review of errors and near-miss reports from a national medication error-reporting program found that infusion-associated medication errors resulted in the identification of numerous best practices that support patient safety. A content analysis revealed that most errors involved improper dosage, mistaken drug choice, knowledge-based mistakes, skill-based slips, and memory lapses. The multifaceted nature of administering medications via infusions was highlighted. Opportunities for improvements include best practices such as developing learning cultures and reinforcing the independent double-check process on medications. Staff will likely benefit from education on specific medications, prescription details, and smart pump technology.