1. Vito Dabbs, Annette De PhD, RN
  2. Hoffman, Leslie A. PhD, RN
  3. Swigart, Valerie PhD, RN
  4. Happ, Mary Beth PhD, RN
  5. Iacono, Aldo T. MD
  6. Dauber, James H. MD


The aim of this study was to develop a comprehensive model of the symptom experience associated with the development of acute rejection after lung transplantation by integrating the findings from a theory-testing quantitative study that explored the physiologic aspects and a theory-generating qualitative study that explored the interpretive aspects. Findings from the multimethod studies were integrated using conceptual triangulation methods described by Foster (Adv Nurs Sci. 1997;20:1-12). The integrated model will guide the development of interventions to promote effective patterns of symptom recognition and reporting of acute rejection.