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Keywords

Ceribell EEG, electroencephalography, new EEG procedure, new technology, nonconvulsive seizure, rapid response, seizure, status epilepticus

 

Authors

  1. Yazbeck, Moussa
  2. Sra, Parveen
  3. Parvizi, Josef

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Limited access to specialized technicians and trained neurologists results in delayed access to electroencephalography (EEG) and an accurate diagnosis of patients with critical neurological problems. This study evaluated the performance of Ceribell Rapid Response EEG System (RR-EEG), which promises fast EEG acquisition and interpretation without traditional technicians or EEG-trained specialists.

 

METHODS: The new technology was tested in a community hospital intensive care unit in Northern California. Three physicians (without previous training in EEG) were trained by the manufacturer of the RR-EEG and acquired EEG without the help of any EEG technicians. Time needed from order to EEG acquisition was noted. Quality of EEG and diagnostic information obtained with the new EEG technology were evaluated and compared with the same information from conventional clinical EEG system.

 

RESULTS: Ten patients were tested with this new EEG technology, and 6 of these patients went on to have conventional EEGs when the EEG technicians arrived at the site. In these cases, the conventional EEG was significantly delayed (11.2 +/- 3.6 hours) compared with RR-EEG (5.0 +/- 2.4 minutes; P < .005). Use of RR-EEG helped clinicians rule out status epilepticus and prevent overtreatment in 4 of 10 cases. RR-EEG and conventional EEG systems yielded similar diagnostic information.

 

CONCLUSION: RR-EEG can be set up by nurses, and diagnostic information about the presence or absence of seizures can be appreciated by nurses. The RR-EEG system, compared with the conventional EEG, did not require EEG technologists and enabled significantly faster access to diagnostic EEG information. This report confirms the ease of use and speed of acquisition and interpretation of EEG information at a community hospital setting using an RR-EEG device. This new technology has the potential to improve emergent clinical decision making and prevent overtreatment of patients in the intensive care unit setting while empowering nursing staff with useful diagnostic information in real time and at the bedside.