1. LeBlanc, Kimberly PhD, RN, NSWOC, WOCC(C), IIWCC

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I am often asked how the International Skin Tear Advisory Panel (ISTAP) came to fruition. During the Toronto World Union of Wound Healing Societies (WUWHS) Congress in 2008, a timely pairing of myself and Sharon Baranoski, MSN, RN, CWCN, APN, MAPWCA, FAAN, as copresenters led to the birth of this organization. Although Payne and Martin1,2 first highlighted the complexity of skin tears in the early 1990s, very little attention was afforded to these wounds between then and 2008. Sharon and I shared a common concern for the unrecognized complexity of skin tear development and the lack of published literature pertaining to these wounds.


In 2010, we approached an industry partner for an unrestricted educational grant to conduct an international knowledge, attitude, and practice survey3 of healthcare professionals to gain insight into the extent of the problem, and, as they say, the rest is history. The ISTAP was established in December 2010, and the first meeting was set for early 2011. The domino effect from this modest beginning was beyond our wildest dreams.


In 2011, we convened an international panel of 11 like-minded individuals to conduct a Delphi study to establish consensus statements pertaining to the prediction, prevention, assessment, and management of skin tears.4 Original panel members included Dr Karen Campbell (Canada), Dr Kerlyn Carville (Australia), Dawn Christensen (Canada), Karen Edwards (US), Mary Gloeckner (US), Samantha Holloway (UK), Dr Diane Langemo (US), Alicia Madore (US), Mary Ann Sammon (US), Ann Williams (US), and Dr Mary Regan (US); Sharon and I acted as cochairs (Figure 1).

Figure 1 - Click to enlarge in new windowFigure 1. ORIGINAL PANEL MEMBERS

Since then, the panel has published more than 15 articles pertaining to skin tears including the initial knowledge, attitude, and practice survey;3 a skin tear consensus document;4 an article on the development and validation of a skin tear classification system;5 a tool kit for the prediction, prevention, assessment, and management of skin tears;6 and recently, best practice recommendations for the prediction, prevention, assessment, and management of these complex wounds.7 In 2016, ISTAP was awarded the WUWHS Most Progressive Society award for its contributions to establishing a robust body of literature concerning skin tears.


Recently, a multicountry study validated the content of the ISTAP Classification System (Figure 2) through expert consultation in a two-round Delphi procedure involving 17 experts from 11 countries. An online survey including 24 skin tear photographs was conducted with 1,601 healthcare professionals from 44 countries to measure diagnostic accuracy, agreement, and inter-and intrarater reliability of the instrument. Results were overwhelmingly positive, establishing solid inter- and intrarater reliability of the instrument (Van Tiggelen H, LeBlanc K, Campbell K, et al. "Standardising the Classification of Skin Tears: Validity and Reliability Testing of the International Skin Tear Advisory Panel (ISTAP) Classification System in 44 Countries" [under review]). The ISTAP recommends that clinicians use the instrument as a simple method for classifying skin tears.

Figure 2 - Click to enlarge in new windowFigure 2. SKIN TEAR CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM(C)2013 International Skin Tear Advisory Panel.

Today, the ISTAP includes 19 global expert members from 11 countries. The panel meets virtually 6 times per year and works throughout the year on group projects. The panel has many exciting projects underway, and we are thrilled to be running a workshop on skin tears at the upcoming WUWHS Congress in Abu Dhabi (March 8-12, 2020); ISTAP's next face-to-face meeting will also be held during the Congress. More information pertaining to ISTAP projects as well as information about membership can be found on our website,




1. Payne R, Martin M. Skin tears, the epidemiology and management of skin tears in older adults. Ostomy Wound Manage 1990;26(1):26-37. [Context Link]


2. Payne R, Martin M. Defining and classifying skin tears. Ostomy Wound Manage 1993;29(5):16. [Context Link]


3. LeBlanc K, Baranoski S, Holloway S, Langemo D, Regan M. A descriptive cross-sectional international study to explore current practices in assessment, prevention and treatment of skin tears. Int Wound J 2014;11(1):424-30. [Context Link]


4. LeBlanc K, Baranoski S, Christensen D, et al. State of the science: consensus statements for the prevention, prediction, assessment and treatment of skin tears. Adv Skin Wound Care 2011;24(9):2. [Context Link]


5. LeBlanc K, Baranoski S, Holloway S, Langemo D. Validation of a new classification system for skin tears. Adv Skin Wound Care 2013;26(6):263-5. [Context Link]


6. LeBlanc K, Baranoski S, Christensen D, et al. International Skin Tear Advisory Panel: a tool kit to aid in the prevention, assessment, and treatment of skin tears using a simplified classification system(C). Adv Skin Wound Care 2013;26(10):459-76. [Context Link]


7. LeBlanc K, Campbell K, Beeckman D, et al. Best practice recommendations for the prevention and management of skin tears in aged skin. Wounds International. 2018. Last accessed September 10, 2019. [Context Link]