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Braden Scale, nosocomial pressure ulcer, performance improvement, prevention of pressure ulcers



  1. Wolverton, Cheryl Lynn MSN, RN, CCRN
  2. Hobbs, Lisa A. BSN, RN, CWOCN
  3. Beeson, Terrie BSN, RN, CCRN
  4. Benjamin, Marianne MSN, RN
  5. Campbell, Karen MSN, RN, CNRN
  6. Forbes, Charlie BSN, RN, CCRN
  7. Huff, Nicole RD, CD
  8. Kieninger, Michelle BSN, RN, CWOCN
  9. Luebbehusen, Michael BSN, RN
  10. Myers, Mary BSN, RN
  11. White, Susan MSN, RN, CNS


Assessment, monitoring, and prevention of pressure ulcers in the hospitalized patient are required standards of care. The annual nosocomial pressure ulcer (NPU) rates for the adult intensive care units at our facility had trended up to 33% from 14% over a 13-month period. Our performance improvement team decided to track 5 variables that may have contributed to the increased incidence of NPU. Weekly skin care rounds were conducted to collect data, educate staff, and reinforce skin care policy and standards of care. Data analysis revealed 3 areas that required further emphasis with nursing staff: daily assessment with the Braden Scale, prevention of NPU beginning on the day of hospital admission, and the effect of sedation on patient mobility. Implementation of appropriate interventions targeted to specific Braden subscales needs to be included in the plan of care.