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  1. Hormati, Ahmad MD
  2. Alemi, Faezeh MD
  3. Mohammadbeigi, Abolfazl PhD
  4. Sarkeshikian, Seyyed Saeed MD
  5. Saeidi, Mohammad MD


Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a complex procedure that is widely used for diagnosis and treatment of biliary and pancreatic diseases. With respect to its growing application, the present study aims to evaluate ERCP outcomes and complications. This cross-sectional study was performed using the data from 824 patients who underwent ERCP during 2014-2017 in Qom Shahid Beheshti hospital. Data were collected by a checklist and analyzed using SPSS V22. Among 824 patients, 397 (48.18%) were male and 427 (51.82%) were female with a mean age of 47 +/- 6 years. The most common indications for ERCP were choledocholithiasis (78.28%) and cholestasis (20.27%), respectively. Total prevalence of complications was 15.66% and mortality rate was 0.72%. The most common complications were pancreatitis (9.59%) and bleeding (3.28%), respectively. A serum amylase level of greater than 160 could predict pancreatitis with sensitivity of 93.3% and specificity of 90.3%. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography-related complications are inevitable but can be controlled by early diagnosis and clinical experience. Severe complications and high-risk patients may increase the mortality of the procedure.