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  1. Muoki, Deltra C. MS, APRN, AGNP-C, CMSRN


Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tubes are placed when individuals are unable to orally consume adequate nutrition and require an alternative method to meet their daily nutritional needs. This decision is multifactorial and depends on the prognosis of the illness, patients' wishes, and weighing risks versus benefits. The recent movement toward patient-centered care supports open communication and shared decision-making that have the potential to mitigate decisional conflict. The aim of this literature review was to identify factors associated with the decision-making process for gastrostomy tube placement for adults. Three quantitative, 4 qualitative, and 1 Q-methodology study were analyzed. Social life, body image and intimacy, uncertainty and fear, complications, and burden to caregiver were central factors that influenced decision making. Social life and body image associated with intimacy were found to be the most prevalent themes in the review. This review indicates that decision making for gastrostomy tube placement is highly individualized. Patients need adequate information to make informed decisions that are congruent with their healthcare goals. Nurses should act as patient advocates and must have candid discussions to ensure that patients have received thorough and adequate information regarding gastrostomy tube placement and management.