influenza vaccination, primary care, electronic health records, quality improvement, quality measures



  1. Persell, Stephen D.
  2. Lewin, Nora
  3. Yagci, Banu
  4. Lee, Ji Young
  5. Oberoi, Sonali K.
  6. Orelind, Erik
  7. Roemer, Phillip
  8. Schachter, Michael A.
  9. Thomas, Kathryn


ABSTRACT: Influenza vaccination is underused. We examined changes in vaccination following decision support and workflow changes in a cross-sectional analysis of three vaccination seasons among adult primary care patients from 21 practices. Interventions included clinical decision support changes to facilitate documentation; changes to rooming workflow for medical assistants and licensed practical nurses to promote vaccination, prepare orders, document care done elsewhere; and record patient refusals. We measured rates for a national vaccination performance measure and receipt of onsite vaccination. Approximately 120,000 patients were eligible each season. Performance on the quality measure increased each year (40.6% to 62.5% to 76.4%). Corresponding rates of onsite vaccination were 27.7%, 28.8%, and 31.5%. The adjusted odds ratio for onsite vaccination in the second season compared with the first was 0.94 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.92, 0.96). Onsite vaccination was more likely in the third season compared with either previous season-adjusted odds ratio for third versus second 1.14 (95% CI, 1.12, 1.16) or adjusted odds ratio for third versus first 1.07 (95% CI 1.05-1.09). Sequential changes in decision support and patient rooming process workflows were associated with large improvements in measured performance and with a significant increase in clinic-administered influenza vaccination by the third season.