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Keywords

communication, incontinence, multiple sclerosis, nursing, quality of life, relationship, research, sexual dysfunction, sexuality

 

Authors

  1. Hadjimichail, Kyriakos
  2. Asimakopoulou, Evanthia
  3. Charalambous, Demetra
  4. Pantzaris, Marios
  5. Theodosis-Nobelos, Panagiotis
  6. Triantis, Charalampos

Abstract

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory and degenerative disorder of the central nervous system with significant immune participation. It can cause a variety of symptoms that may impact quality of life. This study investigates sexual dysfunction (SD) in patients with MS in Cyprus and compares it with a sample of the general population. METHODS: The sample includes 107 patients with MS and 104 healthy controls. Recruitment was based on simple random sampling during their follow-up at a neurology clinic. Data collection for this study was carried out from May to September 2019. RESULTS: Among patients with MS, 29.9% experienced SD symptoms (40.0% men and 23.9% women), whereas in the healthy population, the percentage with SD was 12.5%. Although 10 women with MS expressed SD symptoms, they did not categorize themselves as having sexual problems. Almost 90% of all patients reported that they have never been tested for SD. CONCLUSION: Patients with MS have a higher rate of SD than the healthy control population, especially for the female population. There is a growing need for clinical advice on the issue of SD.