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Authors

  1. Adamakidou, Theodoula PhD, MSc, MHSA, RN
  2. Triantafyllopoulou, Maria-Nikoletta PhD(c), MSc, RN
  3. Feleki, Paraskevi MSc, RN
  4. Papadopoulou, Lamprini MSc, RN
  5. Kalokairinou, Athina PhD, MSc, RN

Abstract

Home healthcare has just recently won the interest of policy decision makers in Greece and there is a lack of knowledge regarding the contributions provided by each team member. The aim of this study was to describe the home care interventions carried out by nurses, physicians, and physiotherapists during the AKE[SIGMA][OMEGA]-1 project. We examined the data from 1,094 patients who received home healthcare (HHC) from an interdisciplinary team from the Hellenic Red Cross HHC services in three major cities in Greece during a 20-month period. The visits and interventions by nurses, physicians, and physiotherapists were grouped and measured. Patients were mostly older adults (80.73%), women (68.37%) with medical problems (46.8%). Nurses conducted 70.76% of the visits, and provided 21,017 interventions. Physiotherapists conducted 22.83% of the visits and 4,627 interventions, and physicians conducted 6.4% of the visits and 2,117 interventions. Nurses provided a wide range of complex skilled nursing interventions that required knowledge of the community and ability to network. Physiotherapy and educating patients and caregivers were the most frequent interventions of physiotherapists. The main role of physicians was to conduct clinical exams. The Greek healthcare system is hospital- and physician-oriented. We documented that in HHC, nurses take a lead role in providing care, organizing services, and collaborating with other community services. From a health and social policy perspective, proper planning and staffing of HHC services are required. From an academic and licensing perspective, it is important to ensure that nurses working in the community have appropriate preparation.