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  1. Cheronis, Nicholas MD, MPH
  2. Rabold, Erica MD
  3. Singh, Anil MD
  4. Cheema, Tariq MD, FCCP, MMM


Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remains one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality both in the United States and worldwide. Despite advances in medical treatment including smoking cessation, bronchodilator therapy, oxygen administration, and pulmonary rehabilitation, patients with advanced COPD still suffer significant debility. For select patients with severe COPD, there are additional surgical options including lung volume reduction surgery and ultimately lung transplantation.


This article discusses the history, clinical indications, selection of candidates, choice of procedure, and outcomes of lung transplantation in patients with advanced COPD. In addition, certain aspects of potential short- and long-term complications of transplantation will also be discussed.