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Diet, prevention, vegan, vegetarian, whole-food plant-based



  1. Lessem, Alexandra DNP, FNP (Faculty Family Nurse Practitioner)


ABSTRACT: Diet-related diseases are the primary contributor to morbidity and mortality. The risk for these diseases can be reduced with a whole-food plant-based (WFPB) diet, but most people are never counseled on this dietary pattern. An experiential education program was designed and conducted in which sample of 30 nurse practitioners, registered nurses, and physicians learned about and followed a WFPB diet for 3 weeks. The objective was for the health care providers to increase their knowledge and acceptance of WFPB diets and increase their likelihood of counseling patients on this dietary pattern. Participants completed preintervention and postintervention questionnaires assessing dietary intake, knowledge, weight, mood, energy, benefits, barriers, self-efficacy, and likelihood of continuing to follow, or counsel patients about a WFPB diet. Participants decreased intake of animal-derived foods, increased intake of WFPB foods, had improvements in mood and energy, and lost weight. Perceived barriers to following and counseling about a WFPB diet declined and self-efficacy improved. Participants were likely to continue a WFPB diet and discuss the diet with their patients. The three-week intervention changed providers' knowledge, skills, and attitudes about WFPB diets. If nurse practitioners and other providers accept WFPB diets, more patients may be educated on this dietary pattern, helping to reduce the burden of diet-related chronic diseases.