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COVID-19 moral anguish, moral dilemma, moral distress, moral outrage, moral suffering, moral uncertainty, pretraumatic stress disorder, self-care



  1. Godshall, Maryann PhD, CNE, CCRN, CPN


Abstract: Nurses and other healthcare professionals across the US have experienced and are still experiencing different types of moral anguish during the COVID-19 pandemic. This article discusses moral distress and the other forms of moral anguish that nurses experience, how the COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated moral distress among nurses, and coping strategies.