Buy this Article for $10.95

Have a coupon or promotional code? Enter it here:

When you buy this you'll get access to the ePub version, a downloadable PDF, and the ability to print the full article.


acceptability, CAUTI, feasibility, intensive care nursing, medical-surgical nursing, nurse-driven catheter removal protocol, progressive care nursing



  1. Blodgett, Tom J. PhD, RN, GCNS, AGACNP-BC
  2. Sheets, Constance DNP, RN, GCNS-BC


Purpose/Aims: The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility and acceptability of a nurse-driven catheter removal protocol among nurses in a hospital setting.


Design: A mixed-methods design was used. A modified version of the Abbreviated Acceptability Rating Profile was used in this study, along with 3 open-ended questions.


Methods: Staff nurses assigned to care for nonpregnant, cognitively intact adults with a short-term Foley catheter were asked to apply a nurse-driven catheter removal protocol on the enrolled patient every 12 hours. They were asked to complete a modified version of the Abbreviated Acceptability Rating Profile and open-ended questionnaire each time they used the protocol.


Results: A total of 13 questionnaires were completed (52% completion rate). Nurses reported that the nurse-driven catheter removal protocol was highly acceptable in intensive care units and intermediate care units, but not in medical-surgical units. Nurses felt that the protocol should be effective in preventing catheter-associated urinary tract infection, that they would be willing to use the protocol with their loved ones, and that overall, the protocol was helpful for their patient. However, they did not feel that their patient's risk for catheter-associated urinary tract infection was high enough to warrant using the protocol. Barriers to using the protocol as planned included encrustation, inconvenient times of day, unawareness, and a desire to follow orders and current institutional policies.


Conclusion: Findings from this study generally support the acceptability of the nurse-driven catheter removal protocol, particularly in higher-acuity units. Recommendations are provided to help clinical nurse specialists support adherence to these protocols.