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back pain, billing, bursitis, clinical manifestations, musculoskeletal pain, neck pain, pathophysiology, primary care, tendonitis, treatment



  1. Rogers, Julia DNP, RN, CNS, FNP-BC
  2. Allen, Jodi DNP, RN, FNP-C


Abstract: Musculoskeletal pain is a common chief complaint in primary care and contributes to disability and a loss of independence. Musculoskeletal pain can be a diagnostic challenge for NPs. A thorough understanding of the pathophysiologic processes involved can help clinicians link the clinical manifestations and treatment for musculoskeletal injury causing pain.