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infantile spasms, modified hypsarrhythmia, perinatal stroke, prednisolone



  1. Hall, Kristin R.
  2. Golomb, Meredith R.


ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: High-dose prednisone and prednisolone have been increasingly studied as a lower-cost alternative to adrenocorticotropic hormone for the treatment of infantile spasms, but this treatment has not been well studied in children with infantile spasms due to perinatal stroke. METHODS: We identified a girl with new-onset infantile spasms due to presumed perinatal left middle cerebral artery stroke seen in our hospital's pediatric stroke clinic in 2019. RESULTS: This girl developed infantile spasms at 9 months old. She had right hemiplegic cerebral palsy due to her perinatal stroke but had been otherwise previously healthy. Modified hypsarrhythmia was confirmed on prolonged video-electroencephalography. High-dose prednisolone at 8 mg/kg per day was initiated on the sixth day of spasms. She was treated with this dose for 2 weeks and then tapered over 5 weeks. The girl became seizure-free after receiving her first dose of prednisolone and experienced no significant adverse effects during therapy. Routine electroencephalography after completion of prednisolone taper confirmed resolution of modified hypsarrhythmia and no epileptiform discharges. She continued to make excellent development progress during and after treatment. CONCLUSION: This case suggests high-dose prednisolone could be considered for first-line therapy for children with infantile spasms due to perinatal stroke; further study is needed.