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  1. McColl, Gillian BSc, MBChB, MRes, MRCS
  2. Yeap, Elaine MBChB, MSc, FRCS
  3. Stirling, Lynn BSc
  4. Sharp, Catherine MBChB, MSc, FRCS
  5. Robertson, Kevin MD, MBChB, FRCS


Esophagogastroduodenoscopy can be uncomfortable and distressing with many patients opting for conscious sedation over topical local anesthetic spray. Transnasal endoscopy is an alternative and we sought to assess how easily it could be introduced to a district general hospital and how acceptable patients found it. Selected patients requiring diagnostic endoscopy were offered transnasal endoscopy with topical nasal anesthetic by clinicians new to transnasal endoscopy but competent at esophagogastroduodenoscopy. Postal feedback questionnaires were used to assess comfort, distress, recollection of periprocedural consultation, and overall experience (visual analog scale 1-10). A total of 213 transnasal endoscopy procedures were undertaken with 207 completed successfully (97.2%). Two patients (0.9%) had self-limiting epistaxis and no patient required admission. One hundred (47%) questionnaires were returned including 98 from those with completed transnasal endoscopy. Thirty-three (33%) had previous esophagogastroduodenoscopy and 28 (85%) reported a preference for transnasal endoscopy. Fifty-eight patients (59%) found transnasal endoscopy comfortable (visual analog scale >6) with 17 reporting discomfort (visual analog scale <5). Seventeen patients found the procedure distressing (visual analog scale >6) but 70 (73%) did not (visual analog scale <5). Eighty-four patients (85.7%) had clear recollection of their procedure (visual analog scale >6) and overall satisfaction was reported as good (visual analog scale >6) by 94.7%. Transnasal endoscopy can be adopted by clinicians competent with conventional esophagogastroduodenoscopy with expectation of high procedure completion rate and low complication rate. Our patients reported high levels of satisfaction with few reporting distress. Perhaps as a consequence, most patients had a clear recollection of their procedure.