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expectations, holistic care, humanistic nursing, interactional, presence, spirituality



  1. Davis, Lisa A. PhD, RN


This phenomenological study explored the expectations patients have of nursing care, specifically spiritual care, using the framework of humanistic nursing. Four themes emerged: (1) the definition of "good" and "bad" nursing, (2) surveillance and competence, (3) spiritual care expectations, and (4) the concept of time.