clinical factors, end of life, good death, metastatic breast cancer, palliative care, quality of care, sociodemographic factors



  1. Brazee, Rachel L. BSN, RN
  2. Nugent, Bethany D. PhD, RN
  3. Sereika, Susan M. PhD
  4. Rosenzweig, Margaret PhD, CRNP-C, AOCNP, FAAN


Metastatic breast cancer (MBC) carries unique disease burdens with potential for poor-quality end-of-life (EOL) care. It is the purpose of this article to explore the association of poor-quality EOL care indicators according to key tumor, demographic, social, and clinical factors.


End-of-life quality indicators were based on Emanuel and Emanuel's good death model in conjunction with Earle et al (2003). A single-institution retrospective chart review of women deceased from MBC between November 2016 and November 2019 with double-verification chart review was completed. Data were analyzed with descriptive, correlative, and comparative statistics.


Total sample was N = 167 women, with 14.4% (n = 24) Black and 85.6% (n = 143) White. Mean (SD) age was 55.3 (11.73) years. Overall, MBC survival was 3.12 years (SD, 3.31): White women, 41.2 months (3.4 years), and Black women, 19 months (1.6 years). A total of 64.1% (n = 107) experienced 1 or more indicators of poor-quality EOL care. Patients more likely to experience poor-quality EOL care were older (P = .03), estrogen negative (P = .08), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 negative (P = .07), from more deprived neighborhoods (P = .02), married (P = .05), and with physical (P = .001) and mental (P = .002) comorbidities.


Understanding sociodemographic and clinical factors associated with poor EOL MBC care may be useful for proactive patient navigation.