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  1. Fu, Mei-Ling MN, RN, IBCLC
  2. Lee, Tzu-Ying PhD, RN
  3. Kuo, Su-Chen PhD, RN, CNM


Because of a lack of proper breastfeeding education to mothers and the visitation policy in the special care nursery, breastfeeding initiation and maintenance can be very challenging for both the mother and her infant who is admitted to the neonatal special care nursery after birth. Difficulties associated with forming initial bonds may contribute to some mothers changing their mind about their initially chosen feeding method. The aim of this quasi-experimental study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an e-learning breastfeeding program on maternal breastfeeding outcomes. Thirty-four mothers in the comparison group received routine care; 34 in the intervention group received an e-learning breastfeeding program and routine care. The program included 28 modules of different topics downloaded to a personal tablet computer. Each module elaborated on a breastfeeding issue and provided video clips to show practice steps. During the mothers' 3- to 5-day stay in the postpartum unit, they could repeatedly watch selected topics related to their situations at their own pace. After adjusting for each infant's birth weight, mothers in the intervention group had better attachment to their infants, greater perceived nurse support, and a higher exclusive breastfeeding rate than mothers in the comparison group. Using a tablet computer device to disseminate breastfeeding education is a feasible and supplemental method for postpartum mothers whose infants are in the special care nursery. Through the demonstrated situations, mothers are better prepared to understand their high-risk infants and the situations they may encounter during breastfeeding.